The economic region stretches across three federal states. The monitoring reports on charter implementation in Germany show many provisions unfulfilled. The population statistics below cover various historical states and modern part states that have existed in Germany. Prussia's status as a great Brandenburgish speakers mostly switched to the Standard German-based regiolect of Berlin. Danish, Low German, Low Rhenish, the Sorbian languages (Lower Sorbian and Upper Sorbian), and the two Frisian languages, Saterfrisian and North Frisian, are officially recognized and protected as minority languages by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in their respective regions. The social status of different German dialects can vary greatly. millions. [6] [10] More than 16 million people are descended from immigrants (first and second generation, including mixed heritage and ethnic German repatriates and their descendants). Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, Reuss-Gera and Reuss-Greiz. The Southern dialects of Westfalian, Eastfalian and Brandenburgish have had much stronger speaker losses, than the northern coastal dialects of Northern Low Saxon. [88] The former Pope, Benedict XVI, was born in Bavaria. (69.5 within the borders of 1937) The figures 000 in 1639. According to a study done by the University of Bremen in cooperation with the "Bundesverband Alphabetisierung e.V. territory that had only 4,9 million inhabitants. ", Federal Ministry of the Interior (Germany), "EKD-Statistik: Christen in Deutschland 2007", In Nazi cradle, Germany marks Jewish renaissance, Homepage of the Federal Statistical Office Germany (in English), German demographics in Online-Databank HISTAT, Dossier "The Aging Society" of the Goethe-Institut, Demographic Profile Germany: United in Decline,, Articles with dead external links from April 2012, Articles with German-language sources (de), Short description is different from Wikidata, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2011, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2011, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The metropolitan area is part of the pan-European, Berlin is the capital and largest city. German is the only official and most widely spoken language. They represented 29% of the total of 8.1 million families with minor children. Protestantism is concentrated in the north and east and Roman Catholicism is concentrated in the south and west. It is difficult to estimate their exact number, as the German government counts them as "persons without migrant background" in their statistics. Member States of the German Confederation Mecklenburg was until 1934 divided in Except speaking High (standard) German.". [95], Evangelical population according to the 2011 Census, Catholic population according to the 2011 Census, Non-Christian population according to the 2011 Census (including other religions and not specified), Predominant religious group according to the 2011 Census – Catholics are dominant in the south and west, the non-religious (including other religions and not specified) dominate in the east and the large cities and Protestants dominate in north and central parts of Germany. 16.7 Language prevalence dropped from more than 90% (depending on the exact region) in the 1930s to less than 5% today. Sources: Our World In Data and the United Nations. The other religions make up to less than 1% of the population. As of 2009[update], the principal cause of death was cardiovascular disease, at 42%, followed by malignant tumours, at 25%. [4] In 2008, fertility was related to educational achievement (women with lower levels of education were having more children than women who had completed higher education). 1871. Until World War II the Poles were recognized as one of the national minorities. In fertility rates, 2.1 and above is a stable population and have been marked blue, 2 and below leads to an aging population and a [74] 1.6 The Federal Statistical Office defines persons with a migrant background as all persons who migrated to the present area of the Federal Republic of Germany after 1949, plus all foreign nationals born in Germany and all persons born in Germany as German nationals with at least one parent who migrated to Germany or was born in Germany as a foreign national. /* 160x600, skapad 2008-08-30 */ Hence, the exact number of Germans of African descent is unknown. In addition Germany has a comprehensive school known as the Gesamtschule. Studien zur DDR Gesellschaft; p. 264, Teachers News: "Funktionaler Analphabetismus", third-highest number of international migrants worldwide, Association of National Minorities in Germany, subsequently fled or were expelled by force, third-largest number of international migrants worldwide, List of cities in Germany with more than 100,000 inhabitants, 82 cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, Hannover–Braunschweig–Göttingen–Wolfsburg, are not affiliated with any church or religion, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, "Zusammengefasste Geburtenziffer nach Kalenderjahren", "Religiosität als demografischer Faktor – Ein unterschätzter Zusammenhang? /* 728x90, skapad 2008-08-30 */ Source: UN World Population Prospects[16]. During the Thirty Years War was Württemberg's population reduced from 450 000 in 1620 to just 100 000 in 1639. 26% of those groups stated they were childless, while 16% of those having an intermediate education, and 11% of those having compulsory education, stated the same. Years War was Württemberg's population reduced from 450 000 in 1620 to just 100 The United Nations Population Fund lists Germany as host to the third-highest number of international migrants worldwide, behind the United States and Saudi Arabia. Young motherhood seemed to be less attractive and the age of the first birth rose sharply. A popular slogan is "We are good at everything. (2013): Elterngeld und Elternzeit in Deutschland: Ziele, Diskurse und Wirkungen. The Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic followed different paths when it came to demographics. Hanover, Hessen-Kassel, Nassau, Hessen-Homburg and Frankfurt. [72] There's a north–south gradient in language maintenance. This figure was more than double that in the new Länder (incl. Brandenburg-Prussia This contrasts with the strong rural, down-to-earth attitude of the Stuttgarters throughout the classes. Sachsen-Altenburg, Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Historically one third of Germany's territory and population was Low Saxon speaking. The politics of the German Democratic Republic was pronatalistic[23] while that of the Federal Republic was compensatory. In 1986 38% of all women, who were about to graduate from college, were mothers of at least one child and additional 14% were pregnant and 43% of all men, who were about to graduate from college, were fathers of at least one child. If they fell pregnant nevertheless they faced forced abortion or deportation. [35], In 2019, the non-profit Austrian Institute of Economic Research and the Bertelsmann Stiftung published a study about the economic impact of demographics. English is the most common foreign language and almost universally taught by the secondary level; it is also taught at elementary level in some states. The Low Saxon dialects are different in their status too. [20], While most childbirths in Germany happen within marriage, a growing number of children are born out-of-wedlock. The more educated a Western German mother aged 40 to 75 was in 2008, the less likely she was to have a big family. There are also many assimilated Sinti and Roma. It was this Confederation There is a Danish minority (about 50,000, according to government sources) in the northernmost state of Schleswig-Holstein. google_ad_client = "pub-9153060878493230"; population of 9,7 millions in 1806. 1970 2007. [84][82], The two largest churches, the Roman Catholic Church and the Protestant Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD), have lost significant number of adherents. Focus. [7] Persons who said they had no religion tend to have fewer children than those who identify as Christians, and studies also found that conservative-leaning Christians had more children compared to liberal-leaning Christians.[8][9]. 22,4 Helene Fischer has a migrant background despite being ethnically German because she was born in the Soviet Union to parents of the German minority in Russia. Sachsen-Altenburg, Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, 96.1% of those reside in western Germany and Berlin. Hochschuldidaktisches Zentrum HDZ, Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung: "Die soziale Situation in Deutschland — Bevölkerung mit Migrationshintergrund I", Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland: "Leichter Anstieg der Bevölkerung mit Migrationshintergrund". As of 2009 Germany is divided into 403 districts (Kreise) on municipal level, these consist of 301 rural districts and 102 urban districts.[61]. 35.3 Germany has one of the world's highest levels of education, technological development, and economic productivity. [30], Between 1989 and 2009, about 2,000 schools closed because there were fewer children.[26]. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.[14]. Empire of German Nation, which also included several other modern states like In contrast, most Poles in present-day Germany are recent immigrants, though there are some communities which have been present since the 19th and perhaps even the 18th centuries. While Eastfalian has lost speakers to Standard German, Westfalian has lost speakers to Standard German and Standard German based regiolect of the Rhine-Ruhr area. 1946 The major city is, Population growth for January–July 2019 =, Population growth for January–July 2020 =. Low Saxon is officially recognized as a language on its own, but despite this fact, there's little official action taken on fostering the language. This accounts for a massive intergenerational gap in language use. google_ad_height = 90; The German headquarters of many international enterprises are in Stuttgart. However, a growing number of inhabitants are functionally illiterate. [41], In 2009, 3.0 million of the persons of immigrant background had Turkish roots, 2.9 million had their roots in the successor states of the Soviet Union (including a large number of Russian-speaking ethnic Germans), 1.5 million had their roots in the successor states of Yugoslavia including 200.000 Albanians and 1.5 million had Polish roots.


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